Copy Cat

“Copy cat kissed the rat”. Do you remember that chant we used to do in primary school? I do. But what’s the deal with copyright anyway? Yes it’s a footnote, following on from ‘the medium is the message’, but seriously what’s the deal?

The idea of ‘copyright’ comes down to ownership and control. Before copyright content creators had no property claims on their intellectual work, basically anyone could steal your idea without any ramifications. Without copyright, who would bother publishing anything if it can just be stolen straight away?
It comes down to crediting. We can share all content, “copy” if you will, however the problem lies in claiming another’s words as our own. Not cool. But where do we draw the line?
During my poetry-writing phase, I read a poem by a friend and was inspired to write my own. After publishing it, she contacted me crying wolf and saying i’d copied her, despite no content being the same. Although it was quickly sorted out once she understood she’d inspired my idea, and i’d agreed to do a promotional blurb at the end of the poem, it was all good.

So what’s the line between being ‘inspired’ by another’s work, as opposed to breaking copyright laws?
From a design perspective, these lines are blurred. It’s common practice for designers to check out a number of sources previous to creating their own. According to Irene Zeitler, “As legal advisers on copyright law we are frequently told by people involved in the clothing and footwear industry that in order to avoid copyright infringement all you need to do is:
1. change the colour of the design
2. change 10 per cent of the design, and/or
3. leave some elements out of or introduce some new elements to the design.
The answer to the question of when ‘inspiration’ becomes copyright infringement is complex”.

No, it’s not easy to determine subtle issues of copyright such as in design, unless the work has been blatantly copied aka plagiarism. And then how does one even begin to address the other points surrounding copyright, such as appropriation, satirisation, and claiming that you were the first to come up with the idea?

This graph should break it down:

Untitled

Its definitely fair to say that copyright is a huge and complex web of ties and laws which all seek to determine who owns what and who controls what.

‘Old white male’ with something to say

Marshall Mcluhan at it again!

Combining a deadly mixture of audience, industry and tech, we can begin to understand how convergence works and the ‘ins’ and ‘outs’ of digital media. It’s the linking or ‘hand holding’ we cannot help but embrace in this modern era of selfies and personal blogs. Through the ability to post and have our voice heard, we have become active participants as derived from passive consumers. I mean wouldn’t you rather the world hear your obviously very important point of view?

But how does this holy trinity work? In an attempt to control the flow of content, industries must work together to expose what the audience desires, then, through the use of technology, content can be produced over numerous platforms and shared accordingly.

In terms of Mcluanahann’s theory, ‘the medium is the message’, firstly, would we be taking as much notice if his musing’s were written by a woman, or perhaps a person of colour? Considering the time it was written- probably not.

Secondly, the point of his theory follows that everything can be a medium, and if the medium changes or shifts, the message also follows. The dynamic of the room determines how the message is received. There is always human involvement in determining what the message is and how it is received. Ie: the medium is a television and the message is what is delivered to you as a passive observer.In a sense, we are ourselves the message…

mm

As an individual I am interested in the ‘personailsed’ platforms in which my ‘authentic self’ emerges such as my Tumblr account and personal blog. However in terms of professionalism, The Tertangala wordpress account, which I moderate, or perhaps the platforms in which I contribute to such as my Concrete Playground account or BULLSH!T account portray a different sort of interest.

I guess the crux of this blog post is that the medium in which I contribute formulates the content in which I publish there. On a more personal level- the image in which I portray to the world formulates the perception others have on me. My naked self as a medium can follow the clothes, hair style, the amount of make up and jewellery as a message.

What message are you presenting to the world via how your personal self is represented?

The Introduction to end all Introductions…

Whoever thought it was a good idea to change your BCM major, 3 years in is stupid. Oh wait. Here’s the details: third year BCM (previous marketing major), now Digi com major/Journalism student. 21 years old and with the motivation of someone with only 6 months to live. You might also like to know that i’m your girl if you’re interested in contributing anything from articles to illustrations to photography to The Tertangala- UOW’s student mag. This year is sure to be a game changer in terms of experience and job prospects as diving head first is what i’m all about. Fingers crossed 0 burn outs will occur!

Social Media and Journalists

The three journalists I decided to follow include Carrie Bickmore, Edward Snowden and Mia Freedman. In analysing their use of Twitter I have drawn the same conclusions as Ezra Klein’s article in the Washington Post which found that journalists prefer to use Twitter rather than Facebook in order to maintain an up-to-date social media platform.

All journalists have distinctively used Twitter to collect information and find sources but also to self-promote their respective articles/blogs and also remain current and opinionated on particular media issues. Or in the case of Edward Snowden, find satirical means to comment on topical issues.

With regards to links between professional and personal Facebook pages, none of these journalists have links via their Twitter profiles to Facebook, rather they include links to their respective journalist platforms/media interests. However if you go straight to the source- Facebook. All journalists have an easily followable Facebook pages, however access to their private profiles is next to impossible.

Investigation Journal: Islamaphobia in Australia

In the past month, Australia’s terrorist alert level has been raised to high. This means it is very likely an attack will occur, however authorities say they don’t have any “specific” information regarding plot or target. Although Prime Minister Tony Abbott has said that the Government has “no specific intelligence’ of a plot for a potential terrorist attack, police presence, raids on potential terrorist activity and instances of islamaphobia have increased around Australia. Here, I will investigate instances of islamaphobia in the media and analyse how this is affecting both the Australian and Islamic community.

Article 1: Muslim Hate Social Experiment
Macquarie University, 2014, Muslim Hate Social Experiment, online video, 3 October, Macquarie University, Muslim students Association for Islamic Awareness Week 2014 ‘iSlamPhobia’, viewed 5 October 2014, http://muslimvillage.com/2014/10/04/58413/video-muslim-hate-in-australia-social-experiment/

This staged social experiment highlights how, although a large population of Australians are islamaphobic, when confronted with actual instances of racism, many stand up against these vicious attacks. This is a side we don’t often see within the media or political stage as it seems the government, media or bigoted individual prefer to generalize and assume a ‘blanket’ understanding of the Muslim religion. Although this social experiment does not diminish increases in racist activity, it does fulfill the criteria of the Macquarie University ‘iSlamPhobia’ week, which includes creating awareness of this issue and proving how targeted some Muslims are.

Article 2: Islamaphobia: Tony Abbott urged to speak out against attacks on Muslims
Click here
Milman, O 2014, ‘Islamaphobia: Tony Abbott urged to speak out against attacks on Muslims’, The Guardian, 23 September, viewed 7 October, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/23/islamophobia-tony-abbott-urged-to-speak-out-against-attacks-on-muslims
Post anti-terrorism raids, Tony Abbott has been urged to speak out against Islamaphobia in Australia, despite his change in policies being one of the contributing factors. Milman references Palmer United party senator Jacqui Lambi and her references to sharia law were “maniacs and depraved humans” would use horrific techniques to make Australian women were a burqa. This article highlights how a blanket assumption about Muslims has been made not just in the context of the Australian media, but also with persons of interest in the political field. There is a great risk with people of political influence coming out against Muslims, that the Australian population will blindly follow suit.

Article 3: Terror raid family takes legal action
Olding, R 2014, ‘Terror raid family takes legal action’, Sydney Morning Herald, 7 October, viewed 7 October, p. 5

ARTICLE12
This article provides a specific example of the repercussions behind police targeting and counter-terrorism raids. It’s no surprise the family is seeking legal action as a result to the horrific and unprecedented way they were treated during these raids. Although this article is incredibly important in naming and shaming the NSW police, the very fact it was published on page 5 and at the bottom of the page is testament to how important this issue is to the Australian public. These instances of islamaphobia, where innocent Muslims children are “scared to return to school” is a detrimental problem within the Australian society, especially when a ‘fair go’ is what Australia is stereotypically known for.

Article 4: Mehreen Faruqi: Muslim women don’t need glass cages- or glass ceilings
Click here
Faruqi, M 2014, ‘Muslim women don’t need glass cages- or glass ceilings’, Crikey, 3 October, viewed 7 October, http://www.crikey.com.au/2014/10/03/mehreen-faruqi-muslim-women-dont-need-glass-cages-or-glass-ceilings/
This article address problems the government should be focusing on, rather than debating whether or not women should be permitted to wear items of clothing which have correlation to their religion. Most commonly the Burqa is seen as a sign of repression and anti-feminist actions however, this movement against the Burqa is not only giving a voice to inequality within the Australian community, but also targeting women on the basis of their dress, something that can also be considered anti-feminist. The all-too-common idea that women who wear a Burqa are being oppressed, it’s ironic for a women’s attire to be considered on the political agenda rather than actual issues such as discrepancies in pay and inequality in decision-making.

Article 5: Muslims should not feel targeted by Governments counterterrorism laws, academic says
Click here
Metherell, L 2014, ‘Muslims should not feel targeted by Governments counterterrorism laws, academic says’, ABC news, 29 August, viewed 5 October, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-09/muslims-should-not-feel-targeted-by-security-laws-academic/5660046
This article provides a somewhat objective overview with regards to how Muslims should not feel targeted or victims of islamaphobia because the issue of counterterrorism is a problem for everybody. However overwhelming evidence for increased instances of islamaphobia debunk the point of this article. To date it seems the government has only mentioned Islamic terrorists, no mention of ‘home-grown’ Australian citizens who pose a different threat. Yes the article is right to say that these laws shouldn’t target this particular minority, however the article remiss’ to mention how the people mostly affected will be the Muslim community.

Article 6: ‘I was so scared’: Helping hand for fearful young Muslim girls
Visentin, L 2014, ‘I was so scared’: helping hand for fearful young Muslim girls’, Weekend Sydney Morning Herald, 12 October, viewed 12 October, p.11

ARTICLE 1

Yet another first hand account of Islamaphobia in the media, however reported on in a minor and offhand way. This article, published on page 11, with even less importance to last weekend’s Sydney Morning Herald highlights how the Burqa debate has forced young women to not only fear scrutiny but also has allowed them to band together against this racism. As racist Australians and fearful Muslims band together in their respective groups there is a massive risk a gap in acceptance will come about and become a cultural norm within Australia. This dissonance between cultures is perhaps even more of a threat than far-away terrorism itself.

Article 7: The Burqa debate: lifting the veil on Islamaphobia in Australia
Click here
Ismail, R 2014, ‘The Burqa debate: lifting the veil on Islamaphobia in Australia’, The Age, 1 October, viewed 5 October, http://www.theage.com.au/comment/the-burqa-debate-lifting-the-veil-on-islamophobia-in-australia-20140930-10nvl1.html
Touching on how problematic islamaphobia is, Ismail quotes “This is the real and ultimate manifestation of islamaphobia. It is practiced by a small group of Australians no more representative of Australia than ISIS sympathisers are of Muslims”. The article covers both benefits and limitations to banning the Burqa in an objective manner, critical to journalistic work covering particularly sensitive issues. It seems Islamaphobia covers all basis when it comes to the Islamic community, from clothing to prayer times, nothing is off the cards for the Australian public to assume or say.

Article 8: Muslims call for stricter hate crime laws to go with national security powers
Click here
Chan, G 2014, ‘Muslims call for stricter hate crime laws to go with national security powers’, The Guardian, 5 October, viewed 7 October, http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2014/oct/05/muslims-call-stricter-hate-crime-laws
It’s only fair for Australia to employ stricter hate crimes to protect the Muslim community, especially with numerous counts of racism and hate towards these people. Potential human rights infringements and violations are something that needs to be considered as a repercussion to this amendment in attitude. It seems in an attempt to protect the Australian population from the “high threat of terrorism”, the government has annulled to protect minority religious and cultural groups, therefore potentially leading to a cycle where Muslims feel marginalized and threatened by the community they begin to believe the information they’re being fed.

Article 9: Real Time with Bill Maher: Ben Affleck, Sam Harris and Bill Maher Debate Radical Islam
RealTime, 2014, Real Time with Bill Maher: Ben Affleck, Sam Harris and Bill Maher Debate Radical Islam, online video, 6 October, RealTime, viewed 7 October, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vln9D81eO60

In defending Muslims in an angry debate on HBO’s ‘Real Time with Bill Maher’, Ben Affleck has raised the bar in terms of calling out Islamaphobic behavior and downright racism. Through raising awareness that Islamaphobia is cultural stereotyping, Afflect has exposed a fundamental truth behind what isn’t being said in the media- that there are more than a billion Muslims who aren’t fanatical. Through creating this blanket view of Muslims, the media has simplified the issue to the extent that the facts are ignored and the issue is black and white, or Muslim vs. Australian.

Article 10: Islamaphobia: Australia’s Newest National Sport
Click here
McQuire, A 2014, ‘Islamaphobia: Australia’s Newest National Sport’, New Matilda, 23 September, viewed 7 October, https://newmatilda.com/2014/09/23/islamophobia-australias-newest-national-sport
This article seeks to provide an alternative viewpoint to the blanket coverage and homogenous opinions the mainstream media provides with regards to ISIS. It describes how the stories are “sexed up” and “sensationalized” with the real threat and problem being Islamaphobia within Australia’s borders. This article seeks to debunk the legitimacy of the threats by revealing how openly bigotry the vast majority of the Australian population has become. Although it’s important to realize how this article, too, may homogenize the Australian population as racists, it provides a valid point with regards to the openly anti-sematic remarks the Australian Muslim population is facing.

 

 

Bibliography

Chan, G 2014, ‘Muslims call for stricter hate crime laws to go with national security powers’, The Guardian, 5 October, viewed 7 October, http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2014/oct/05/muslims-call-stricter-hate-crime-laws

Faruqi, M 2014, ‘Muslim women don’t need glass cages- or glass ceilings’, Crikey, 3 October, viewed 7 October, http://www.crikey.com.au/2014/10/03/mehreen-faruqi-muslim-women-dont-need-glass-cages-or-glass-ceilings/

Macquarie University, 2014, Muslim Hate Social Experiment, online video, 3 October, Macquarie University, Muslim students Association for Islamic Awareness Week 2014 ‘iSlamPhobia’, viewed 5 October 2014, http://muslimvillage.com/2014/10/04/58413/video-muslim-hate-in-australia-social-experiment/

McQuire, A 2014, ‘Islamaphobia: Australia’s Newest National Sport’, New Matilda, 23 September, viewed 7 October, https://newmatilda.com/2014/09/23/islamophobia-australias-newest-national-sport

Metherell, L 2014, ‘Muslims should not feel targeted by Governments counterterrorism laws, academic says’, ABC news, 29 August, viewed 5 October, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-09/muslims-should-not-feel-targeted-by-security-laws-academic/5660046

Milman, O 2014, ‘Islamaphobia: Tony Abbott urged to speak out against attacks on Muslims’, The Guardian, 23 September, viewed 7 October, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/23/islamophobia-tony-abbott-urged-to-speak-out-against-attacks-on-muslims

Ismail, R 2014, ‘The Burqa debate: lifting the veil on Islamaphobia in Australia’, The Age, 1 October, viewed 5 October, http://www.theage.com.au/comment/the-burqa-debate-lifting-the-veil-on-islamophobia-in-australia-20140930-10nvl1.html

Olding, R 2014, ‘Terror raid family takes legal action’, Sydney Morning Herald, 7 October, viewed 7 October, p. 5

RealTime, 2014, Real Time with Bill Maher: Ben Affleck, Sam Harris and Bill Maher Debate Radical Islam, online video, 6 October, RealTime, viewed 7 October, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vln9D81eO60

Visentin, L 2014, ‘I was so scared’: helping hand for fearful young Muslim girls’, Weekend Sydney Morning Herald, 12 October, viewed 12 October, p.11

 

 

Challenges of Convergent Journalism

In comparing my favourite and least favourite projects, I’ve discovered how much I enjoy the simplicity of a design, even if it’s overcomplicated counterpart is better. In determining how each piece uses a mixture of mediums including audio, visual and text, I’ve learnt that there is a fine line between what constitutes as too much and what constitutes as not enough.

The Guardian’s ‘Firestorm’ was my favourite project as it maintained my attention from the beginning. Although in some instances there was too much text, and I skimmed over it, the use of both audio, visual and writing combined to create a fantastic survival story.

The New York Time’s project, ‘Tomato Can Blues’ was my least favourite, despite it’s quirky comic images. This project read more like a blog than an article of journalism. With its limited interactive capabilities, this project really didn’t epitomise the meaning of convergent journalism and combining multiple media platforms.